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Mongolia Government: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Mongolia Government

Mongolia Government: A summary of information about Mongolia Government, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Mongolia: Government

Country name
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Mongolia
local long form: none
local short form: Mongol Uls
former: Outer Mongolia
Data code
MG
Government type
republic
Capital
Ulaanbaatar
Administrative divisions
18 provinces (aymguud, singular - aymag) and
3 municipalities* (hotuud, singular - hot); Arhangay, Bayanhongor,
Bayan-Olgiy, Bulgan, Darhan*, Dornod, Dornogovi, Dundgovi, Dzavhan,
Erdenet*, Govi-Altay, Hentiy, Hovd, Hovsgol, Omnogovi, Ovorhangay,
Selenge, Suhbaatar, Tov, Ulaanbaatar*, Uvs
Independence
13 March 1921 (from China)
National holiday
National Day, 11 July (1921)
Constitution
12 February 1992
Legal system
blend of Russian, Chinese, Turkish, and Western systems
of law that combines aspects of a parliamentary and presidential
system; constitution ambiguous on judicial review of legislative acts;
has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
chief of state: President Natsagiyn BAGABANDI (since 20 June 1997)
head of government: Prime Minister Rinchinnyamin AMARJARGAL (since 30
August 1999)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the State Great Hural in consultation
with the president
elections: president nominated by parties in the State Great Hural and
elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 18
May 1997 (next to be held summer 2001); following legislative
elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition is
usually elected prime minister by the State Great Hural; election last
held 30 August 1999 (next to be held NA)
election results: Natsagiyn BAGABANDI elected president; percent of
vote - Natsagiyn BAGABANDI (MPRP) 60.8%, Punsalmaagiyn OCHIRBAT (MNDP
and MSDP) 29.8%, Jambyn GOMBOJAV 6.6%; Rinchinnyamin AMARJARGAL
elected prime minister by a vote in the State Great Hural of 50 to 2
Legislative branch
unicameral State Great Hural (76 seats; members
elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held 30 June 1996 (next to be held NA June 2000)
election results: percent of vote by party - DUC 66%, MPRP 33%, MCP
1%; seats by party - DUC 50 (MNDP 34, MSDP 13, independents 3), MPRP
25, MCP 1
Judicial branch
Supreme Court, serves as appeals court for people's
and provincial courts, but to date rarely overturns verdicts of lower
courts, judges are nominated by the General Council of Courts for
approval by the State Great Hural
Political parties and leaders
Democratic Union Coalition or DUC
(includes the MNDP and the MSDP); Independence Party ;
Mongolian Conservative Party or MCP ; Mongolian
Democratic New Socialist Party or MDNSP ;
Mongolian Democratic Renaissance Party or MDRP [BYAMBASUREN,
chairman]; Mongolian National Democratic Party or MNDP [R. AMARJARGAL,
chairman; B. DELGERMAA, general secretary]; Mongolian People's
Revolutionary Party or MPRP [N. ENKHBAYAR, chairman; L. ENEBISH,
general secretary]; Mongolian Republican Party or MRP [B.
JARGALSAIHAN]; Mongolian Social Democratic Party or MSDP
[Radnaasumbereliyn GONCHIGDORJ, chairman; N. ALTANKHUYAG, general
secretary]; Mongolian United Heritage Party or UHP 
(includes the United Party of Herdsman and Farmers, Independence
Party, Traditional United Conservative Party, and Mongolian United
Private Property Owners Party); Mongolian United Private Property
Owners Party ); United Party of Herdsman and Farmers
; Traditional United Conservative Party ;
Workers' Party
International organization participation
AsDB, ASEAN (observer), CCC,
ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC,
IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OPCW,
UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Jalbuugiyn CHOINHOR
chancery: 2833 M Street NW, Washington, DC 20007
telephone:  (202) 333-7117
FAX:  (202) 298-9227
consulate(s) general: New York
Diplomatic representation from the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Alphonse F. LA PORTA
embassy: inner north side of the Big Ring, just west of the Selbe Gol,
Ulaanbaatar
mailing address: c/o American Embassy Beijing, Micro Region 11, Big
Ring Road, C. P. O. 1021, Ulaanbaatar 13; PSC 461, Box 300, FPO AP
96521-0002
telephone:  (1) 329095
FAX:  (1) 320776
Flag description
three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side),
blue, and red; centered on the hoist-side red band in yellow is the
national emblem ("soyombo" - a columnar arrangement of abstract and
geometric representation for fire, sun, moon, earth, water, and the
yin-yang symbol)
Locations:
Home
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Anguilla
Antarctica
Antigua & Barbuda
Arctic Ocean
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Ashmore & Cartier Islands
Atlantic Ocean
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahrain
Baker Island
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Barbados
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Belarus
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Belize
Benin
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Bolivia
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Botswana
Bouvet Island
Brazil
British Indian Ocean Territory
British Virgin Islands
Brunei
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Burma
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Cambodia
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Canada
Cape Verde
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Christmas Island
Clipperton Island
Colombia
Comoros
Cook Islands
Coral Sea Islands
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cuba
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Denmark
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Ecuador
Egypt
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Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Europa Island
Faroe Islands
Fiji
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gaza Strip
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Gibraltar
Glorioso Islands
Greece
Greenland
Grenada
Guadeloupe
Guam
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Guernsey
Guinea
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Haiti
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Howland Island
Hungary
Iceland
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Indian Ocean
Indonesia
Iran
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Maldives
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Netherlands
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