Moldova Government: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Moldova Government

Moldova Government: A summary of information about Moldova Government, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Moldova: Government

Country name
conventional long form: Republic of Moldova
conventional short form: Moldova
local long form: Republica Moldova
local short form: none
former: Soviet Socialist Republic of Moldova; Moldavia
Data code
MD
Government type
republic
Capital
Chisinau
Administrative divisions
10 juletule (singular - juletul) 1
municipality* 1 autonomous territorial unit**; Balti, Cahul, Chisinau,
Chisinau*, Dubasari, Edinet, Gagauzia**, Lapusna, Orhei, Soroca,
Tighina, Ungheni
Independence
27 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
National holiday
Independence Day, 27 August 1991
Constitution
new constitution adopted 28 July 1994; replaces old
Soviet constitution of 1979
Legal system
based on civil law system; Constitutional Court reviews
legality of legislative acts and governmental decisions of resolution;
it is unclear if Moldova accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction but
accepts many UN and Organization for Security and Cooperation in
Europe (OSCE) documents
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
chief of state: President Petru LUCINSCHI (since 15 January 1997)
head of government: Prime Minister Dumitru BRAGHIS (since 21 December
1999), one first deputy prime minister and two deputy prime ministers
cabinet: selected by prime minister-designate, subject to approval of
parliament
elections: president elected by popular vote for a four-year term;
election last held 17 November 1996; runoff election 1 December 1996
(next to be held NA November-December 2000); according to the Moldovan
constitution, the president, on consulting with the parliament, will
designate a candidate for the office of prime minister; within 15 days
from designation, the prime minister-designate will request a vote of
confidence from the parliament regarding his/her work program and
entire cabinet
election results: Petru LUCINSCHI elected president; percent of vote -
Petru LUCINSCHI 54%, Mircea SNEGUR 46%; Dumitru BRAGHIS was nominated
by the president 16 December 1999 and was elected prime minister by a
parliamentary vote of 57-4 (40 abstentions) on 21 December 1999
Legislative branch
unicameral Parliament or Parlamentul (101 seats;
parties and electoral blocs, as well as independent candidates,
compete in popular elections to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held 22 March 1998 (next to be held spring 2002)
election results: percent of vote by party - PCM 30%, CDM 19%, PMDP
18%, PFD 9%; seats by party - PCM 40, CDM 26, PMDP 24, PFD 11
note: the comparative breakdown of seats by faction is approximate
Judicial branch
Supreme Court; Constitutional Court is the sole
authority of constitutional judicature
Political parties and leaders
Bloc for a Democratic and Prosperous
Moldova or PMDP ; Christian Democratic Popular Front
or FPCD ; Communist Party or PCM [Vladimir
VORONIN, first chairman]; Democratic Convention of Moldova or CDM
; Party of Democratic Forces or PFD [Valeriu
MATEI, chairman]
International organization participation
ACCT, BIS, BSEC, CCC, CE,
CEI, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD,
IFC, ILO, IMF, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, IOM
(observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD,
UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (applicant)
Diplomatic representation in the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Ceslav CIOBANU
chancery: 2101 S Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone:  (202) 667-1130
FAX:  (202) 667-1204
Diplomatic representation from the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Rudolf Villem PERINA
embassy: Strada Alexei Mateevicie, #103, Chisinau 2009
mailing address: use embassy street address; pouch address - American
Embassy Chisinau, Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-7080
telephone:  (2) 23-37-72
FAX:  (2) 23-30-44
Flag description
same color scheme as Romania - three equal vertical
bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; emblem in center of flag
is of a Roman eagle of gold outlined in black with a red beak and
talons carrying a yellow cross in its beak and a green olive branch in
its right talons and a yellow scepter in its left talons; on its
breast is a shield divided horizontally red over blue with a stylized
ox head, star, rose, and crescent all in black-outlined yellow
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