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Mexico Geography: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Mexico Geography

Mexico Geography: A summary of information about Mexico Geography, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Mexico: Geography

Location
Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of
Mexico, between Belize and the US and bordering the North Pacific
Ocean, between Guatemala and the US
Geographic coordinates
23 00 N, 102 00 W
Map references
North America
Area
total: 1,972,550 sq km
land: 1,923,040 sq km
water: 49,510 sq km
Area - comparative
slightly less than three times the size of Texas
Land boundaries
total: 4,538 km
border countries: Belize 250 km, Guatemala 962 km, US 3,326 km
Coastline
9,330 km
Maritime claims
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate
varies from tropical to desert
Terrain
high, rugged mountains; low coastal plains; high plateaus;
desert
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Laguna Salada -10 m
highest point: Volcan Pico de Orizaba 5,700 m
Natural resources
petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc,
natural gas, timber
Land use
arable land: 12%
permanent crops: 1%
permanent pastures: 39%
forests and woodland: 26%
other: 22% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land
61,000 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards
tsunamis along the Pacific coast, volcanoes and
destructive earthquakes in the center and south, and hurricanes on the
Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean coasts
Environment - current issues
natural fresh water resources scarce and
polluted in north, inaccessible and poor quality in center and extreme
southeast; raw sewage and industrial effluents polluting rivers in
urban areas; deforestation; widespread erosion; desertification;
serious air pollution in the national capital and urban centers along
US-Mexico border
Environment - international agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered
Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life
Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Geography - note
strategic location on southern border of US
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