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Marshall Islands Government: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Marshall Islands Government

Marshall Islands Government: A summary of information about Marshall Islands Government, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Marshall Islands: Government

Country name
conventional long form: Republic of the Marshall Islands
conventional short form: Marshall Islands
former: Marshall Islands District (Trust Territory of the Pacific
Islands)
Data code
RM
Government type
constitutional government in free association with
the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 21 October
1986
Capital
Majuro
Administrative divisions
33 municipalities; Ailinginae, Ailinglaplap,
Ailuk, Arno, Aur, Bikar, Bikini, Bokak, Ebon, Enewetak, Erikub, Jabat,
Jaluit, Jemo, Kili, Kwajalein, Lae, Lib, Likiep, Majuro, Maloelap,
Mejit, Mili, Namorik, Namu, Rongelap, Rongrik, Toke, Ujae, Ujelang,
Utirik, Wotho, Wotje
Independence
21 October 1986 (from the US-administered UN
trusteeship)
National holiday
Proclamation of the Republic of the Marshall
Islands, 1 May (1979)
Constitution
1 May 1979
Legal system
based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the
legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
chief of state: President Kessai Hesa NOTE (since 3 January 2000);
note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Kessai Hesa NOTE (since 3 January 2000);
note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
cabinet: Cabinet selected by the president from among the members of
Parliament
elections: president elected by Parliament from among its own members
for a four-year term; election last held 15 November 1999 (next to be
held NA November 2003)
election results: Kessai Hesa NOTE elected president; percent of
Parliament vote - 100%
Legislative branch
unicameral Parliament or Nitijela (33 seats;
members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held NA November 1999 (next to be held NA November
2003)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA
note: the Council of Chiefs is a 12-member body that advises on
matters affecting customary law and practice
Judicial branch
Supreme Court; High Court
Political parties and leaders
traditionally there have been no
formally organized political parties; what has existed more closely
resembles factions or interest groups because they do not have party
headquarters, formal platforms, or party structures; the following two
"groupings" have competed in legislative balloting in recent years -
Kabua Party  and United Democratic Party or UDP [Litokwa
TOMLING]
International organization participation
AsDB, ESCAP, G-77, IAEA,
IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat (nonsignatory
user), Interpol, ITU, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
WHO
Diplomatic representation in the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Banny DE BRUM
chancery: 2433 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone:  (202) 234-5414
FAX:  (202) 232-3236
consulate(s) general: Honolulu
Diplomatic representation from the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Joan M. PLAISTED
embassy: Oceanside, Mejen Weto, Long Island, Majuro
mailing address: P. O. Box 1379, Majuro, Republic of the Marshall
Islands 96960-1379
telephone:  247-4011
FAX:  247-4012
Flag description
blue with two stripes radiating from the lower
hoist-side corner - orange (top) and white; there is a white star with
four large rays and 20 small rays on the hoist side above the two
stripes
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