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Lebanon Geography: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Lebanon Geography

Lebanon Geography: A summary of information about Lebanon Geography, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Lebanon: Geography

Location
Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel
and Syria
Geographic coordinates
33 50 N, 35 50 E
Map references
Middle East
Area
total: 10,400 sq km
land: 10,230 sq km
water: 170 sq km
Area - comparative
about 0.7 times the size of Connecticut
Land boundaries
total: 454 km
border countries: Israel 79 km, Syria 375 km
Coastline
225 km
Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate
Mediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters with hot, dry
summers; Lebanon mountains experience heavy winter snows
Terrain
narrow coastal plain; Al Biqa' (Bekaa Valley) separates
Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon Mountains
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Qurnat as Sawda' 3,088 m
Natural resources
limestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state in a
water-deficit region, arable land
Land use
arable land: 21%
permanent crops: 9%
permanent pastures: 1%
forests and woodland: 8%
other: 61% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land
860 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards
dust storms, sandstorms
Environment - current issues
deforestation; soil erosion;
desertification; air pollution in Beirut from vehicular traffic and
the burning of industrial wastes; pollution of coastal waters from raw
sewage and oil spills
Environment - international agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous
Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer
Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping,
Marine Life Conservation
Geography - note
Nahr al Litani only major river in Near East not
crossing an international boundary; rugged terrain historically helped
isolate, protect, and develop numerous factional groups based on
religion, clan, and ethnicity
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