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Korea Government: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Korea Government

Korea Government: A summary of information about Korea Government, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Korea: Government

Country name
conventional long form: Democratic People's Republic of Korea
conventional short form: North Korea
local long form: Choson-minjujuui-inmin-konghwaguk
local short form: none
note: the North Koreans generally use the term "Choson" to refer to
their country
abbreviation: DPRK
Data code
KN
Government type
authoritarian socialist; one-man dictatorship
Capital
P'yongyang
Administrative divisions
9 provinces (do, singular and plural) and 3
special cities* (si, singular and plural); Chagang-do (Chagang
Province), Hamgyong-bukto (North Hamgyong Province), Hamgyong-namdo
(South Hamgyong Province), Hwanghae-bukto (North Hwanghae Province),
Hwanghae-namdo (South Hwanghae Province), Kaesong-si* (Kaesong City),
Kangwon-do (Kangwon Province), Namp'o-si* (Namp'o City),
P'yongan-bukto (North P'yongan Province), P'yongan-namdo (South
P'yongan Province), P'yongyang-si* (P'yongyang City), Yanggang-do
(Yanggang Province)
Independence
9 September 1948, Democratic People's Republic of Korea
(DPRK) Foundation Day
note: 15 August 1945, date of independence from the Japanese and
celebrated in North Korea as National Liberation Day
National holiday
Foundation Day, 9 September (1948)
Constitution
adopted 1948, completely revised 27 December 1972,
revised again in April 1992 and September 1998
Legal system
based on German civil law system with Japanese
influences and Communist legal theory; no judicial review of
legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage
17 years of age; universal
Executive branch
chief of state: KIM Chong-il (since NA July 1994); note - in September
1998, KIM Chong-il was reelected Chairman of the National Defense
Commission, a position accorded the nation's "highest administrative
authority"; KIM Young-nam was named President of the Supreme People's
Assembly Presidium and given the responsibility of representing the
state and receiving diplomatic credentials
head of government: Premier HONG Song-nam (since 5 September 1998)
cabinet: Cabinet (Naegak), members, except for the Minister of
People's Armed Forces, are appointed by the Supreme People's Assembly
elections: premier elected by the Supreme People's Assembly; election
last held NA 1998 (next to be held NA)
election results: HONG Song-nam elected premier; percent of Supreme
People's Assembly vote - NA
Legislative branch
unicameral Supreme People's Assembly or Ch'oego
Inmin Hoeui (687 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve
five-year terms)
elections: last held 26 July 1998 (next to be held NA 2003)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - the
KWP approves a single list of candidates who are elected without
opposition; minor parties hold a few seats
Judicial branch
Central Court, judges are elected by the Supreme
People's Assembly
Political parties and leaders
Chondoist Chongu Party [YU Mi-yong,
chairwoman]; Korean Social Democratic Party ;
major party - Korean Workers' Party or KWP [KIM Chong-il, General
Secretary]
International organization participation
ESCAP, FAO, ICAO, ICRM,
IFAD, IFRCS, IHO, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), IOC, ISO, ITU,
NAM, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO
Diplomatic representation in the US
none; note - North Korea has a
Permanent Mission to the UN in New York, headed by YI Hyong-chol
Diplomatic representation from the US
none (Swedish Embassy in
P'yongyang represents the US as consular protecting power)
Flag description
three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple
width), and blue; the red band is edged in white; on the hoist side of
the red band is a white disk with a red five-pointed star
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