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Kiribati Government: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Kiribati Government

Kiribati Government: A summary of information about Kiribati Government, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Kiribati: Government

Country name
conventional long form: Republic of Kiribati
conventional short form: Kiribati
note: pronounced kir-ih-bahss
former: Gilbert Islands
Data code
KR
Government type
republic
Capital
Tarawa
Administrative divisions
3 units; Gilbert Islands, Line Islands,
Phoenix Islands
note: in addition, there are 6 districts (Banaba, Central Gilberts,
Line Islands, Northern Gilberts, Southern Gilberts, Tarawa) and 21
island councils - one for each of the inhabited islands (Abaiang,
Abemama, Aranuka, Arorae, Banaba, Beru, Butaritari, Kanton,
Kiritimati, Kuria, Maiana, Makin, Marakei, Nikunau, Nonouti, Onotoa,
Tabiteuea, Tabuaeran, Tamana, Tarawa, Teraina)
Independence
12 July 1979 (from UK)
National holiday
Independence Day, 12 July (1979)
Constitution
12 July 1979
Legal system
NA
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
chief of state: President Teburoro TITO (since 1 October 1994); Vice
President Tewareka TENTOA (since 12 October 1994); note - the
president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Teburoro TITO (since 1 October 1994);
Vice President Tewareka TENTOA (since 12 October 1994); note - the
president is both the chief of state and head of government
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of
the House of Assembly, includes the president, vice president,
attorney general, and up to eight other ministers
elections: president elected by popular vote for a four-year term;
note - the House of Assembly chooses the presidential candidates from
among their members and then those candidates compete in a general
election; election last held 27 November 1998 (next to be held by NA
November 2002); vice president appointed by the president
election results: Teburoro TITO reelected president; percent of vote -
Teburoro TITO 52.3%, Dr. Harry TONG 45.8%, Amberoti NIKORA 1.9%,
Taberannang TIMEON 0%
Legislative branch
unicameral House of Assembly or Maneaba Ni
Maungatabu (41 seats; 39 elected by popular vote, one ex officio
member, and one nominated to represent Banaba; members serve four-year
terms)
elections: last held 23 September 1998 (next to be held by NA
September 2002)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party -
Maneaban Te Mauri Party 14, National Progressive Party 11,
independents 14
Judicial branch
Court of Appeal, judges at all levels are appointed
by the president; High Court, judges at all levels are appointed by
the president; 26 Magistrates' courts, judges at all levels are
appointed by the president
Political parties and leaders
Liberal Party ;
Maneaban Te Mauri Party ; National Progressive Party
; New Movement Party 
note: there is no tradition of formally organized political parties in
Kiribati; they more closely resemble factions or interest groups
because they have no party headquarters, formal platforms, or party
structures
International organization participation
ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, IBRD,
ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, Intelsat (nonsignatory user),
Interpol, ITU, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WTrO
(applicant)
Diplomatic representation in the US
Kiribati does not have an embassy
in the US; there is an honorary consulate in Honolulu
Diplomatic representation from the US
the US does not have an embassy
in Kiribati; the ambassador to the Marshall Islands is accredited to
Flag description
the upper half is red with a yellow frigate bird
flying over a yellow rising sun, and the lower half is blue with three
horizontal wavy white stripes to represent the ocean
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