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Kenya Geography: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Kenya Geography

Kenya Geography: A summary of information about Kenya Geography, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Kenya: Geography

Location
Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia
and Tanzania
Geographic coordinates
1 00 N, 38 00 E
Map references
Africa
Area
total: 582,650 sq km
land: 569,250 sq km
water: 13,400 sq km
Area - comparative
slightly more than twice the size of Nevada
Land boundaries
total: 3,446 km
border countries: Ethiopia 830 km, Somalia 682 km, Sudan 232 km,
Tanzania 769 km, Uganda 933 km
Coastline
536 km
Maritime claims
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate
varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior
Terrain
low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift
Valley; fertile plateau in west
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Kenya 5,199 m
Natural resources
gold, limestone, soda ash, salt barites, rubies,
fluorspar, garnets, wildlife, hydropower
Land use
arable land: 7%
permanent crops: 1%
permanent pastures: 37%
forests and woodland: 30%
other: 25% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land
660 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards
recurring drought in northern and eastern regions;
flooding during rainy seasons
Environment - current issues
water pollution from urban and
industrial wastes; degradation of water quality from increased use of
pesticides and fertilizers; deforestation; soil erosion;
desertification; poaching
Environment - international agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered
Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation,
Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands,
Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
the Kenyan Highlands comprise one of the most
successful agricultural production regions in Africa; glaciers on Mt.
Kenya; unique physiography supports abundant and varied wildlife of
scientific and economic value
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