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Kazakhstan Government: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Kazakhstan Government

Kazakhstan Government: A summary of information about Kazakhstan Government, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Kazakhstan: Government

Country name
conventional long form: Republic of Kazakhstan
conventional short form: Kazakhstan
local long form: Qazaqstan Respublikasy
local short form: none
former: Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic
Data code
KZ
Government type
republic
Capital
Astana
note: the government moved from Almaty to Astana in December 1998
Administrative divisions
14 oblystar (singular - oblysy) and 3 cities
(qala, singular - qalasy)*; Almaty, Almaty*, Aqmola (Astana), Aqtobe,
Astana*, Atyrau, Batys Qazaqstan (Oral), Bayqongyr*, Mangghystau
(Aqtau; formerly Shevchenko), Ongtustik Qazaqstan (Shymkent),
Pavlodar, Qaraghandy, Qostanay, Qyzylorda, Shyghys Qazaqstan (Oskemen;
formerly Ust'-Kamenogorsk), Soltustik Qazaqstan (Petropavl), Zhambyl
(Taraz; formerly Dzhambul)
note: administrative divisions have the same names as their
administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name
following in parentheses); in 1995 the Governments of Kazakhstan and
Russia entered into an agreement whereby Russia would lease for a
period of 20 years an area of 6,000 sq km enclosing the Bayqongyr
(Baykonur) space launch facilities and the city of Bayqongyr (formerly
Leninsk)
Independence
16 December 1991 (from the Soviet Union)
National holiday
Day of the Republic, 25 October (1990) (date on
which Kazakhstan declared its sovereignty)
Constitution
adopted by national referendum 30 August 1995; first
post-independence constitution was adopted 28 January 1993
Legal system
based on civil law system
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
chief of state: President Nursultan A. NAZARBAYEV (chairman of the
Supreme Soviet from 22 February 1990, elected president 1 December
1991)
head of government: Prime Minister Kazymzhomart TOKAYEV (since 2
October 1999)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term;
election last held 10 January 1999, a year before it was previously
scheduled (next to be held NA 2006); note - President NAZARBAYEV's
previous term had been extended to 2000 by a nationwide referendum
held 30 April 1995; prime minister and first deputy prime minister
appointed by the president
election results: Nursultan A. NAZARBAYEV elected president; percent
of vote - Nursultan A. NAZARBAYEV 79.8%, Serikbolsyn ABDILDIN 11.7%,
Gani KASYMOV 4.6%
note: President NAZARBAYEV expanded his presidential powers by decree:
only he can initiate constitutional amendments, appoint and dismiss
the government, dissolve Parliament, call referenda at his discretion,
and appoint administrative heads of regions and cities
Legislative branch
bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (47
seats; 7 senators are appointed by the president; other members are
popularly elected, two from each oblast and Almaty, to serve six-year
terms) and the Majilis (67 seats; the addition of 10 "Party List"
seats brings the total to 77; members are popularly elected to serve
five-year terms); note - with the oblasts being reduced to 14, the
Senate will eventually be reduced to 37; a number of Senate seats come
up for reelection every two years
elections: Senate - (indirect) last held 17 September 1999 (next to be
held NA 2001); Majilis - last held 10 October 1999 (next to be held NA
2004)
election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by
party - NA; 16 seats up for election in 1999, candidates nominated by
local councils; Majilis - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by
party - Otan 25, Civic Party 10, Communist Party 3, Agrarian Party 3,
People's Cooperative Party 1, independents 32, 3 seats unaccounted for
note - most independent candidates are affiliated with parastatal
enterprises and other pro-government institutions
Judicial branch
Supreme Court (44 members); Constitutional Council (7
members)
Political parties and leaders
Agrarian Party ; Alash
; AZAMAT Movement [Petr SVOIK, Murat AUEZOV, and
Galym ABILSIITOV, cochairmen]; Civic Party [Azat PERUASHEV, first
secretary]; Communist Party or KPK [Serikbolsyn ABDILDIN, first
secretary]; Forum of Democratic Forces ; Labor and Workers
Movement ; Orleu Movement [Seidakhmet
KUTTYKADAM]; Otan ; Pensioners Movement
or Pokoleniye ; People's Congress of
Kazakhstan or NKK ; People's Cooperative
Party ; Republican People's Party of Kazakhstan
Political pressure groups and leaders: Kazakhstan International Bureau
on Human Rights
International organization participation
AsDB, CCC, CIS, EAPC, EBRD,
ECE, ECO, ESCAP, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF,
IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NAM
(observer), OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (applicant)
Diplomatic representation in the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Bolat K. NURGALIYEV
chancery: 1401 16th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036
telephone:  (202) 232-5488
FAX:  (202) 232-5845
consulate(s): New York
Diplomatic representation from the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Richard H. JONES
embassy: 99/97A Furmanova Street, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan
480091
mailing address: American Embassy Almaty, Department of State,
Washington, DC 20521-7030
telephone:  (3272) 63-39-21, 63-13-75, 50-76-23
FAX:  (3272) 63-38-83
Flag description
sky blue background representing the endless sky and
a gold sun with 32 rays soaring above a golden steppe eagle in the
center; on the hoist side is a "national ornamentation" in gold
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