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Japan Transportation: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Japan Transportation

Japan Transportation: A summary of information about Japan Transportation, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Japan: Transportation

Railways
total: 23,670.7 km
standard gauge: 2,893.1 km 1.435-m gauge (entirely electrified)
narrow gauge: 89.8 km 1.372-m gauge (89.8 km electrified); 20,656.8 km
1.067-m gauge (10,383.6 km electrified); 31 km 0.762-m gauge (3.6 km
electrified) (1994)
Highways
total: 1,152,207 km
paved: 863,003 km (including 6,114 km of expressways)
unpaved: 289,204 km (1997 est.)
Waterways
about 1,770 km; seagoing craft ply all coastal inland seas
Pipelines
crude oil 84 km; petroleum products 322 km; natural gas
1,800 km
Ports and harbors
Akita, Amagasaki, Chiba, Hachinohe, Hakodate,
Higashi-Harima, Himeji, Hiroshima, Kawasaki, Kinuura, Kobe, Kushiro,
Mizushima, Moji, Nagoya, Osaka, Sakai, Sakaide, Shimizu, Tokyo,
Tomakomai
Merchant marine
total: 662 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 13,039,488
GRT/18,024,969 DWT
ships by type: bulk 146, cargo 49, chemical tanker 13, combination
bulk 16, combination ore/oil 4, container 25, liquified gas 45,
passenger 9, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 214, refrigerated
cargo 22, roll-on/roll-off 48, short-sea passenger 9, vehicle carrier
60 (1999 est.)
Airports
171 (1999 est.)
Airports - with paved runways
total: 140
over 3,047 m: 6
2,438 to 3,047 m: 34
1,524 to 2,437 m: 41
914 to 1,523 m: 28
under 914 m: 31 (1999 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways
total: 31
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 2
under 914 m: 28 (1999 est.)
Heliports
14 (1999 est.)
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