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Italy Government: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Italy Government

Italy Government: A summary of information about Italy Government, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Italy: Government

Country name
conventional long form: Italian Republic
conventional short form: Italy
local long form: Repubblica Italiana
local short form: Italia
former: Kingdom of Italy
Data code
IT
Government type
republic
Capital
Rome
Administrative divisions
20 regions (regioni, singular - regione);
Abruzzi, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Emilia-Romagna,
Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Lazio, Liguria, Lombardia, Marche, Molise,
Piemonte, Puglia, Sardegna, Sicilia, Toscana, Trentino-Alto Adige,
Umbria, Valle d'Aosta, Veneto
Independence
17 March 1861 (Kingdom of Italy proclaimed; Italy was
not finally unified until 1870)
National holiday
Anniversary of the Republic, 2 June (1946)
Constitution
1 January 1948
Legal system
based on civil law system; appeals treated as new
trials; judicial review under certain conditions in Constitutional
Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal (except in senatorial elections,
where minimum age is 25)
Executive branch
chief of state: President Carlo Azeglio CIAMPI (since 13 May 1999)
head of government: Prime Minister (referred to in Italy as the
president of the Council of Ministers) Massimo D'ALEMA (since 21
October 1998)
cabinet: Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and
approved by the president
elections: president elected by an electoral college consisting of
both houses of Parliament and 58 regional representatives for a
seven-year term; election last held 13 May 1999 (next to be held NA
May 2006); prime minister appointed by the president and confirmed by
parliament
election results: Carlo Azeglio CIAMPI elected president; percent of
electoral college vote - 70%
Legislative branch
bicameral Parliament or Parlamento consists of the
Senate or Senato della Repubblica (315 seats elected by popular vote
of which 232 are directly elected and 83 are elected by regional
proportional representation plus, in addition, there are a small
number of senators-for-life including former presidents of the
republic; members serve five-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies
or Camera dei Deputati (630 seats; 475 are directly elected, 155 by
regional proportional representation; members serve five-year terms)
elections: Senate - last held 21 April 1996 (next scheduled for NA
April 2001); Chamber of Deputies - last held 21 April 1996 (next
scheduled for NA April 2001)
election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by
party - Olive Tree 157, Freedom Alliance 116, Northern League-Padania
27, Communist Renewal 10, regional lists 3, Social Movement-Tricolored
Flames 1, Panella Reformers 1; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote
by party - NA; seats by party - Olive Tree 284, Freedom Alliance 246,
Northern League 59, Communist Renewal 35, Southern Tyrol People's
Party 3, Autonomous List 2, other 1
Judicial branch
Constitutional Court or Corte Costituzionale,
composed of 15 judges (one-third appointed by the president, one-third
elected by Parliament, one-third elected by the ordinary and
administrative supreme courts)
Political parties and leaders
Bonino List or LB (used to be the
Autonomous List, a group of minor parties) ; Center-Left
Coalition (used to be the Olive Tree)  - Democrats,
DS, FdV, PdCI, PPI, RI, UDEUR; Christian Democratic Center or CCD
; Christian Democratic Union or CDU [Rocco
BUTTIGLIONE]; Communist Renewal or RC ; Democratic
Party ; Democratic Party of the Left or DS [Walter
VELTRONI]; Forza Italia or FI ; Freedom Alliance (a
center-right coalition)  - FI, AN, CCD;
Green Federation or FdV ; Italian Communist Party
or PdCI ; Italian Democratic Socialists or SDI
; Italian Popular Party or PPI [Pierluigi
CASTAGNETTI]; Italian Renewal or RI ; Italian Social
Movement-Tricolored Flame or MSI-FT ; National Alliance or
AN ; Northern League-Padania or NL-Padania [Umberto
BOSSI]; Radical Party (formerly Panella Reformers) ;
Republican Party or PR ; Southern Tyrols People's
Party or SVP (German speakers) ; Union of Democrats
for Europe or UDEUR ; Union for the Republic or UPR
Political pressure groups and leaders: Italian manufacturers and
merchants associations (Confindustria, Confcommercio); organized farm
groups (Confcoltivatori, Confagricoltura); Roman Catholic Church;
three major trade union confederations (Confederazione Generale
Italiana del Lavoro or CGIL  which is left wing,
Confederazione Italiana dei Sindacati Lavoratori or CISL [Sergio
D'ANTONI] which is Catholic centrist, and Unione Italiana del Lavoro
or UIL  which is lay centrist)
International organization participation
AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group,
BIS, BSEC (observer), CCC, CDB (non-regional), CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC,
EBRD, ECE, ECLAC, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, G- 7, G-10, IADB, IAEA,
IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO,
IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAIA
(observer), MINURSO, MONUC, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS
(observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO,
UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UNITAR, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOGIP, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WEU,
WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC
Diplomatic representation in the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Ferdinando SALLEO
chancery: 1601 Fuller Street NW, Washington, DC 20009 and 2700 16th
Street NW, Washington, DC 20009
telephone:  (202) 328-5500
FAX:  (202) 483-2187
consulate(s) general: Boston, Chicago, Houston, Miami, New York, Los
Angeles, Philadelphia, and San Francisco
consulate(s): Detroit
Diplomatic representation from the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Thomas M. FOGLIETTA
embassy: Via Veneto 119/A, 00187-Rome
mailing address: PSC 59, Box 100, APO AE 09624
telephone:  (06) 46741
FAX:  (06) 488-2672
consulate(s) general: Florence, Milan, Naples
Flag description
three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side),
white, and red; similar to the flag of Ireland, which is longer and is
green (hoist side), white, and orange; also similar to the flag of the
Cote d'Ivoire, which has the colors reversed - orange (hoist side),
white, and green
note: inspired by the French flag brought to Italy by Napoleon in 1797
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