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Iran Transnational Issues: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Iran Transnational Issues

Iran Transnational Issues: A summary of information about Iran Transnational Issues, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Iran: Transnational Issues

Disputes - international
Iran and Iraq restored diplomatic relations
in 1990 but are still trying to work out written agreements settling
outstanding disputes from their eight-year war concerning border
demarcation, prisoners-of-war, and freedom of navigation and
sovereignty over the Shatt al Arab waterway; Iran occupies two islands
in the Persian Gulf claimed by the UAE: Lesser Tunb (called Tunb as
Sughra in Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-ye Tonb-e Kuchek in Persian by
Iran) and Greater Tunb (called Tunb al Kubra in Arabic by UAE and
Jazireh-ye Tonb-e Bozorg in Persian by Iran); Iran jointly administers
with the UAE an island in the Persian Gulf claimed by the UAE (called
Abu Musa in Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-ye Abu Musa in Persian by Iran)
- over which Iran has taken steps to exert unilateral control since
1992, including access restrictions and a military build-up on the
island; the UAE has garnered significant diplomatic support in the
region in protesting these Iranian actions; Caspian Sea boundaries are
not yet determined among Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, and
Turkmenistan
Illicit drugs
despite substantial interdiction efforts, Iran remains
a key transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin to Europe;
domestic consumption of narcotics remains a persistent problem and
Iranian press reports estimate that there are at least 1.2 million
drug users in the country
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