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Indonesia Government: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Indonesia Government

Indonesia Government: A summary of information about Indonesia Government, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Indonesia: Government

Country name
conventional long form: Republic of Indonesia
conventional short form: Indonesia
local long form: Republik Indonesia
local short form: Indonesia
former: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies
Data code
ID
Government type
republic
Capital
Jakarta
Administrative divisions
23 provinces (propinsi-propinsi, singular -
propinsi), 2 special regions* (daerah-daerah istimewa, singular -
daerah istimewa), and 1 special capital city district** (daerah khusus
ibukota); Aceh*, Bali, Bengkulu, Irian Jaya, Jakarta Raya**, Jambi,
Jawa Barat, Jawa Tengah, Jawa Timur, Kalimantan Barat, Kalimantan
Selatan, Kalimantan Tengah, Kalimantan Timur, Lampung, Maluku, Nusa
Tenggara Barat, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Riau, Sulawesi Selatan, Sulawesi
Tengah, Sulawesi Tenggara, Sulawesi Utara, Sumatera Barat, Sumatera
Selatan, Sumatera Utara, Yogyakarta*; note - there may be a new
province named Maluku Utara
note: following the 30 August 1999 provincial referendum for
independence which was overwhelmingly approved by the people of Timor
Timur and the October 1999 concurrence of Indonesia's national
legislature, the name East Timor was adopted as a provisional name for
the political entity formerly known as Propinsi Timor Timur until such
time as the entity's independent status is formally established
Independence
17 August 1945 (proclaimed independence; on 27 December
1949, Indonesia became legally independent from the Netherlands)
National holiday
Independence Day, 17 August (1945)
Constitution
August 1945, abrogated by Federal Constitution of 1949
and Provisional Constitution of 1950, restored 5 July 1959
Legal system
based on Roman-Dutch law, substantially modified by
indigenous concepts and by new criminal procedures code; has not
accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage
17 years of age; universal and married persons regardless of
age
Executive branch
chief of state: President Abdurrahman WAHID (since 20 October 1999);
note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Abdurrahman WAHID (since 20 October
1999); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of
government
cabinet: Cabinet
elections: president and vice president selected by vote of the
People's Consultative Assembly for five-year terms; selection last
held 20 October 1999 (next to be held by NA 2004)
election results: Abdurrahman WAHID selected president by vote of the
People's Consultative Assembly, receiving 373 votes to 313 votes for
MEGAWATI; MEGAWATI Sukarnoputri selected vice president by vote of the
People's Consultative Assembly
Legislative branch
unicameral House of Representatives or Dewan
Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR) (500 seats; 462 elected by popular vote, 38
are appointed military representatives; members serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 7 June 1999 (next to be held NA June 2004)
election results: percent of vote by party - PDI-P 37.4%, Golkar
20.9%, PKB 17.4%, PPP 10.7%, PAN 7.3%, PBB 1.8%, other 4.5%; seats by
party - PDI-P 154, Golkar 120, PPP 58, PKB 51, PAN 35, PBB 14, other
30
note: the People's Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan
Rakyat or MPR) includes the DPR plus 200 indirectly selected members;
it meets every five years to elect the president and vice president
and to approve the broad outlines of national policy
Judicial branch
Supreme Court (Mahkamah Agung), the judges are
appointed by the president
Political parties and leaders
Crescent Moon and Star Party or PBB
; Development Unity Party or PPP
(federation of former Islamic parties) ; Golkar
; Indonesia Democracy Party or PDI
(federation of former Nationalist and Christian Parties) [Budi
HARDJONO, chairman]; Indonesia Democracy Party-Struggle or PDI-P
; National Awakening Party or PKB
; National Mandate Party or PAN [Amien RAIS,
chairman]
International organization participation
APEC, AsDB, ASEAN, CCC, CP,
ESCAP, FAO, G-15, G-19, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA,
IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat,
Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN,
UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMIBH, UNMOP, UNMOT, UNOMIG, UPU, WCL,
WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Maleeha LODHI
chancery: 2020 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036
telephone:  (202) 775-5200
FAX:  (202) 775-5365
consulate(s) general: Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, and San
Francisco
Diplomatic representation from the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Robert GELBARD
embassy: Medan Merdeka Selatan 5, Jakarta
mailing address: Unit 8129, Box 1, APO AP 96520
telephone:  (21) 344-2211
FAX:  (21) 386-2259
consulate(s) general: Surabaya
Flag description
two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white;
similar to the flag of Monaco, which is shorter; also similar to the
flag of Poland, which is white (top) and red
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