Hong Kong Government: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Hong Kong Government

Hong Kong Government: A summary of information about Hong Kong Government, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Hong Kong: Government

Country name
conventional long form: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
conventional short form: Hong Kong
local long form: Xianggang Tebie Xingzhengqu
local short form: Xianggang
abbreviation: HK
Data code
HK
Dependency status
special administrative region of China
Government type
NA
Administrative divisions
none (special administrative region of
China)
Independence
none (special administrative region of China)
National holiday
National Day, 1-2 October; note - 1 July 1997 is
celebrated as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment
Day
Constitution
Basic Law approved in March 1990 by China's National
People's Congress is Hong Kong's "mini-constitution"
Legal system
based on English common law
Suffrage
direct election 18 years of age; universal for permanent
residents living in the territory of Hong Kong for the past seven
years; indirect election limited to about 100,000 members of
functional constituencies and an 800-member election committee drawn
from broad regional groupings, municipal organizations, and central
government bodies
Executive branch
chief of state: President of China JIANG Zemin (since 27 March 1993)
head of government: Chief Executive TUNG Chee-hwa (since 1 July 1997)
cabinet: Executive Council consists of three ex-officio members and 10
appointed members; ex-officio members are: Chief Secretary Anson CHAN
(since 29 November 1993), Financial Secretary Donald TSANG (since 7
March 1995), and Secretary of Justice Elsie LEUNG (since 1 July 1997)
elections: NA
Legislative branch
unicameral Legislative Council or LEGCO (60 seats;
30 indirectly elected by functional constituencies, 20 elected by
popular vote, and 10 elected by an 800-member election committee;
members serve four-year terms)
elections: last held 25 May 1998 (early elections scheduled to be held
in September 2000)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party -
Democratic Party 13, Liberal Party 9, Democratic Alliance for the
Betterment of Hong Kong 9, Hong Kong Progressive Alliance 5, Frontier
Party 3, Citizens Party 1, independents 20
Judicial branch
The Court of Final Appeal in the Hong Kong Special
Administrative Region
Political parties and leaders
Association for Democracy and People's
Livelihood ; Citizens Party
; Democratic Alliance for the
Betterment of Hong Kong ; Democratic
Party ; Frontier Party [Emily LAU
Wai-hing, chairwoman]; Hong Kong Progressive Alliance [Ambrose LAU
Hon-chuen]; Liberal Party 
note: political blocs include: pro-democracy - Association for
Democracy and People's Livelihood, Citizens Party, Democratic Party,
Frontier Party; pro-Beijing - Democratic Alliance for the Betterment
of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Progressive Alliance, Liberal Party
Political pressure groups and leaders
Chinese General Chamber of
Commerce (pro-China); Chinese Manufacturers' Association of Hong Kong;
Confederation of Trade Unions (pro-democracy) [LEE Cheuk-yan,
chairman]; Federation of Hong Kong Industries; Federation of Trade
Unions (pro-China) ; Hong Kong Alliance in
Support of the Patriotic Democratic Movement in China [Szeto WAH,
chairman]; Hong Kong and Kowloon Trade Union Council (pro-Taiwan);
Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce; Hong Kong Professional
Teachers' Union ; Liberal Democratic
Federation
International organization participation
APEC, AsDB, BIS, CCC, ESCAP
(associate), ICFTU, IMO (associate), Interpol (subbureau), IOC, ISO
(correspondent), WCL, WMO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US
none (special administrative
region of China)
Diplomatic representation from the US
chief of mission: Consul General Richard A. BOUCHER
consulate(s) general: 26 Garden Road, Hong Kong
mailing address: PSC 464, Box 30, FPO AP 96522-0002
telephone:  2523-9011
FAX:  2845-1598
Flag description
red with a stylized, white, five-petal bauhinia
flower in the center
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