Guyana Geography: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Guyana Geography

Guyana Geography: A summary of information about Guyana Geography, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Guyana: Geography

Location
Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean,
between Suriname and Venezuela
Geographic coordinates
5 00 N, 59 00 W
Map references
South America
Area
total: 214,970 sq km
land: 196,850 sq km
water: 18,120 sq km
Area - comparative
slightly smaller than Idaho
Land boundaries
total: 2,462 km
border countries: Brazil 1,119 km, Suriname 600 km, Venezuela 743 km
Coastline
459 km
Maritime claims
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental
margin
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate
tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two
rainy seasons (May to mid-August, mid-November to mid-January)
Terrain
mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Roraima 2,835 m
Natural resources
bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp,
fish
Land use
arable land: 2%
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 6%
forests and woodland: 84%
other: 8% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land
1,300 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards
flash floods are a constant threat during rainy
seasons
Environment - current issues
water pollution from sewage and
agricultural and industrial chemicals; deforestation
Environment - international agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered
Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution,
Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
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