Ghana Government: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Ghana Government

Ghana Government: A summary of information about Ghana Government, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Ghana: Government

Country name
conventional long form: Republic of Ghana
conventional short form: Ghana
former: Gold Coast
Data code
GH
Government type
constitutional democracy
Capital
Accra
Administrative divisions
10 regions; Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central,
Eastern, Greater Accra, Northern, Upper East, Upper West, Volta,
Western
Independence
6 March 1957 (from UK)
National holiday
Independence Day, 6 March (1957)
Constitution
new constitution approved 28 April 1992
Legal system
based on English common law and customary law; has not
accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
chief of state: President Jerry John RAWLINGS (since 7 January 1993);
Vice President John Evans Atta MILLS (since 7 January 1993); note -
the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Jerry John RAWLINGS (since 7 January
1993); Vice President John Evans Atta MILLS (since 7 January 1993);
note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
cabinet: Council of Ministers; president nominates members subject to
approval by Parliament
elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by
popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 7 December 1996
(next to be held NA December 2000)
election results: Jerry John RAWLINGS reelected president; percent of
vote - RAWLINGS 57.2%, John KUFUOR 39.8%
Legislative branch
unicameral Parliament (200 seats; members are
elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held 7 December 1996 (next to be held NA December
2000)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NDC
133, NPP 61, PCP 5, PNC 1
Judicial branch
Supreme Court
Political parties and leaders
Every Ghanaian Living Everywhere or
EGLE ; National Convention Party or NCP
; National Democratic Congress or NDC [Dr. Huudu
YAHAYA, general secretary]; New Patriotic Party or NPP [Peter Ala
ADJETY]; People's Convention Party or PCP [P. K. DONKOH-AYIFI, acting
chairman]; People's Heritage Party or PHP [Emmanuel Alexander
ERSKINE]; People's National Convention or PNC
International organization participation
ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA,
ECOWAS, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD,
IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM
(observer), ISO, ITU, MINURSO, NAM, OAS (observer), OAU, OPCW, UN,
UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOP, UNMOT,
UNTAET, UNU, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Kobena KOOMSON
chancery: 3512 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone:  (202) 686-4520
FAX:  (202) 686-4527
consulate(s) general: New York
Diplomatic representation from the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Kathryn Dee ROBINSON
embassy: Ring Road East, East of Danquah Circle, Accra
mailing address: P. O. Box 194, Accra
telephone:  (21) 775348
FAX:  (21) 776008
Flag description
three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow,
and green with a large black five-pointed star centered in the yellow
band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the
flag of Bolivia, which has a coat of arms centered in the yellow band
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