Ethiopia Geography: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Ethiopia Geography

Ethiopia Geography: A summary of information about Ethiopia Geography, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Ethiopia: Geography

Location
Eastern Africa, west of Somalia
Geographic coordinates
8 00 N, 38 00 E
Map references
Africa
Area
total: 1,127,127 sq km
land: 1,119,683 sq km
water: 7,444 sq km
Area - comparative
slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Land boundaries
total: 5,311 km
border countries: Djibouti 337 km, Eritrea 912 km, Kenya 830 km,
Somalia 1,626 km, Sudan 1,606 km
Coastline
0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims
none (landlocked)
Climate
tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation
Terrain
high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great
Rift Valley
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Denakil -125 m
highest point: Ras Dashen Terara 4,620 m
Natural resources
small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash,
natural gas, hydropower
Land use
arable land: 12%
permanent crops: 1%
permanent pastures: 40%
forests and woodland: 25%
other: 22% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land
1,900 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards
geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to
earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts
Environment - current issues
deforestation; overgrazing; soil
erosion; desertification
Environment - international agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered
Species, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea,
Nuclear Test Ban
Geography - note
landlocked - entire coastline along the Red Sea was
lost with the de jure independence of Eritrea on 24 May 1993
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