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Estonia Geography: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Estonia Geography

Estonia Geography: A summary of information about Estonia Geography, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Estonia: Geography

Location
Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of
Finland, between Latvia and Russia
Geographic coordinates
59 00 N, 26 00 E
Map references
Europe
Area
total: 45,226 sq km
land: 43,211 sq km
water: 2,015 sq km
note: includes 1,520 islands in the Baltic Sea
Area - comparative
slightly smaller than New Hampshire and Vermont
combined
Land boundaries
total: 633 km
border countries: Latvia 339 km, Russia 294 km
Coastline
3,794 km
Maritime claims
exclusive economic zone: limits fixed in coordination with neighboring
states
territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate
maritime, wet, moderate winters, cool summers
Terrain
marshy, lowlands
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
highest point: Suur Munamagi 318 m
Natural resources
shale oil (kukersite), peat, phosphorite, amber,
cambrian blue clay, limestone, dolomite, arable land
Land use
arable land: 25%
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 11%
forests and woodland: 44%
other: 20% (1996 est.)
Irrigated land
110 sq km (1996 est.)
Natural hazards
flooding occurs frequently in the spring
Environment - current issues
air heavily polluted with sulfur dioxide
from oil-shale burning power plants in northeast; contamination of
soil and groundwater with petroleum products, chemicals at former
Soviet military bases; Estonia has more than 1,400 natural and manmade
lakes, the smaller of which in agricultural areas are heavily affected
by organic waste; coastal sea water is polluted in many locations
Environment - international agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous
Wastes, Ship Pollution, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
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