Equatorial Guinea Government: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Equatorial Guinea Government

Equatorial Guinea Government: A summary of information about Equatorial Guinea Government, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Equatorial Guinea: Government

Country name
conventional long form: Republic of Equatorial Guinea
conventional short form: Equatorial Guinea
local long form: Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial
local short form: Guinea Ecuatorial
former: Spanish Guinea
Data code
EK
Government type
republic
Capital
Malabo
Administrative divisions
7 provinces (provincias, singular -
provincia); Annobon, Bioko Norte, Bioko Sur, Centro Sur, Kie-Ntem,
Litoral, Wele-Nzas
Independence
12 October 1968 (from Spain)
National holiday
Independence Day, 12 October (1968)
Constitution
approved by national referendum 17 November 1991;
amended January 1995
Legal system
partly based on Spanish civil law and tribal custom
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal adult
Executive branch
chief of state: President Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA
MBASOGO (since 3 August 1979 when he seized power in a military coup)
head of government: Prime Minister Serafin Seriche DOUGAN (since NA
April 1996); First Vice Prime Minister and Agriculture Minister Miguel
OYONO NDONG (since NA January 1998); Second Vice Prime Minister for
Internal Affairs Demetrio Elo NDONG NZE FUMU (since NA January 1998)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
elections: president elected by popular vote to a seven-year term;
election last held 25 February 1996 (next to be held NA February
2003); prime minister and vice prime ministers appointed by the
president
election results: President Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO reelected
with 98% of popular vote in elections marred by widespread fraud
Legislative branch
unicameral House of People's Representatives or
Camara de Representantes del Pueblo (80 seats; members directly
elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 7 March 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)
election results: percent of vote by party - PDGE 80%, UP 6%, CPDS 5%;
seats by party - PDGE 75, UP 4 and CPDS 1
note: opposition parties have refused to take up their seats in the
House to protest widespread irregularities in the 1999 legislative
elections
Judicial branch
Supreme Tribunal
Political parties and leaders
Convergence Party for Social Democracy
or CPDS ; Democratic Party for Equatorial Guinea
or PDGE (ruling party) ; Party for Progress of
Equatorial Guinea or PPGE ; Popular Action of Equatorial
Guinea or APGE ; Popular Union or UP [Fabian MUSA,
general secretary]; Progressive Democratic Alliance or ADP [Victorino
Bolekia BONAY, mayor of Malabo]
International organization participation
ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC,
CEEAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS,
ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAS (observer), OAU,
OPCW, UDEAC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WToO, WTrO
(applicant)
Diplomatic representation in the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Pastor Micha ONDO BILE
chancery: 1712 I Street NW, Suite 410, Washington, DC 20006
telephone:  (202) 296-4174
FAX:  (202) 296-4195
Diplomatic representation from the US
chief of mission: Ambassador John M. YATES
note: the US does not have an embassy in Equatorial Guinea (embassy
closed September 1995); US relations with Equatorial Guinea are
handled through the US Embassy in Yaounde, Cameroon; the US State
Department is considering opening a Consulate Agency in Malabo
Flag description
three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white,
and red with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side and the
coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms has six
yellow six-pointed stars (representing the mainland and five offshore
islands) above a gray shield bearing a silk-cotton tree and below
which is a scroll with the motto UNIDAD, PAZ, JUSTICIA (Unity, Peace,
Justice)
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