Chad Government: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Chad Government

Chad Government: A summary of information about Chad Government, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Chad: Government

Country name
conventional long form: Republic of Chad
conventional short form: Chad
local long form: Republique du Tchad
local short form: Tchad
Data code
CD
Government type
republic
Capital
N'Djamena
Administrative divisions
14 prefectures (prefectures, singular -
prefecture); Batha, Biltine, Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti, Chari-Baguirmi,
Guera, Kanem, Lac, Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental, Mayo-Kebbi,
Moyen-Chari, Ouaddai, Salamat, Tandjile
Independence
11 August 1960 (from France)
National holiday
Independence Day, 11 August (1960)
Constitution
passed by referendum 31 March 1995
Legal system
based on French civil law system and Chadian customary
law; does not accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
chief of state: President Lt. Gen. Idriss DEBY (since 4 December 1990)
head of government: Prime Minister Nagdum YAMASSOUM (since 13 December
1999)
cabinet: Council of State, members appointed by the president on the
recommendation of the prime minister
elections: president elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms;
if no candidate receives at least 50% of the total vote, the two
candidates receiving the most votes must stand for a second round of
voting; last held 2 June and 11 July 1996 (next to be held June 2001);
prime minister appointed by the president
election results: in the first round of voting none of the 15
candidates received the required 50% of the total vote; percent of
vote, first round - Lt. Gen. Idriss DEBY 43.8%, Wadal Abdelkader
KAMOUGUE 12.4%; percent of vote, second round - Lt. Gen. Idriss DEBY
69.1%, Wadal Abdelkader KAMOUGUE 30.9%
note: government coalition - MPS, UNDR, and URD
Legislative branch
unicameral National Assembly (125 seats; members
elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms); replaces the Higher
Transitional Council or the Conseil Superieur de Transition
elections: National Assembly - last held in two rounds on 5 January
and 23 February 1997 (next to be held NA 2001); in the first round of
voting some candidates won clear victories by receiving 50% or more of
the vote; where that did not happen, the two highest scoring
candidates stood for a second round of voting
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - MPS
65, URD 29, UNDR 15, RDP 3, others 13
Judicial branch
Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; Criminal Courts;
Magistrate Courts
Political parties and leaders
National Union for Development and
Renewal or UNDR ; Patriotic Salvation Movement or MPS
(originally in opposition but now the
party in power and the party of the president); Rally for Democracy
and Progress or RDP ; Union for Renewal and
Democracy or URD
International organization participation
ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC,
CEEAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD,
IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC,
OPCW, UDEAC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO,
WToO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Hassaballah Abdelhadi Ahmat SOUBIANE
chancery: 2002 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20009
telephone:  (202) 462-4009
FAX:  (202) 265-1937
Diplomatic representation from the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Christopher GOLDTHWAIT
embassy: Avenue Felix Eboue, N'Djamena
mailing address: B. P. 413, N'Djamena
telephone:  (51) 70-09, (51) 90-52, (51) 92-33
FAX:  (51) 56-54
Flag description
three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side),
yellow, and red; similar to the flag of Romania; also similar to the
flags of Andorra and Moldova, both of which have a national coat of
arms centered in the yellow band; design was based on the flag of
France
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