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Cambodia Geography: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Cambodia Geography

Cambodia Geography: A summary of information about Cambodia Geography, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Cambodia: Geography

Location
Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between
Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos
Geographic coordinates
13 00 N, 105 00 E
Map references
Southeast Asia
Area
total: 181,040 sq km
land: 176,520 sq km
water: 4,520 sq km
Area - comparative
slightly smaller than Oklahoma
Land boundaries
total: 2,572 km
border countries: Laos 541 km, Thailand 803 km, Vietnam 1,228 km
Coastline
443 km
Maritime claims
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate
tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season
(December to April); little seasonal temperature variation
Terrain
mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
highest point: Phnum Aoral 1,810 m
Natural resources
timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese,
phosphates, hydropower potential
Land use
arable land: 13%
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 11%
forests and woodland: 66%
other: 10% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land
920 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards
monsoonal rains (June to November); flooding;
occasional droughts
Environment - current issues
illegal logging activities throughout
the country and strip mining for gems in the western region along the
border with Thailand have resulted in habitat loss and declining
biodiversity (in particular, destruction of mangrove swamps threatens
natural fisheries); soil erosion; in rural areas, a majority of the
population does not have access to potable water; toxic waste delivery
from Taiwan sparked unrest in Kampong Saom (Sihanoukville) in December
1998
Environment - international agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered
Species, Marine Life Conservation, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94,
Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping
Geography - note
a land of paddies and forests dominated by the
Mekong River and Tonle Sap
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