Botswana Geography: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Botswana Geography

Botswana Geography: A summary of information about Botswana Geography, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Botswana: Geography

Location
Southern Africa, north of South Africa
Geographic coordinates
22 00 S, 24 00 E
Map references
Africa
Area
total: 600,370 sq km
land: 585,370 sq km
water: 15,000 sq km
Area - comparative
slightly smaller than Texas
Land boundaries
total: 4,013 km
border countries: Namibia 1,360 km, South Africa 1,840 km, Zimbabwe
813 km
Coastline
0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims
none (landlocked)
Climate
semiarid; warm winters and hot summers
Terrain
predominantly flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari
Desert in southwest
Elevation extremes
lowest point: junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers 513 m
highest point: Tsodilo Hills 1,489 m
Natural resources
diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash,
coal, iron ore, silver
Land use
arable land: 1%
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 46%
forests and woodland: 47%
other: 6% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land
20 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards
periodic droughts; seasonal August winds blow from
the west, carrying sand and dust across the country, which can obscure
visibility
Environment - current issues
overgrazing; desertification; limited
fresh water resources
Environment - international agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered
Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone
Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
landlocked; population concentrated in eastern part
of the country
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