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Bosnia And Herzegovina Introduction: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Bosnia And Herzegovina Introduction

Bosnia And Herzegovina Introduction: A summary of information about Bosnia And Herzegovina Introduction, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Bosnia And Herzegovina: Introduction

Background
Bosnia and Herzegovina's declaration of sovereignty in
October of 1991, was followed by a referendum for independence from
the former Yugoslavia in February of 1992. The Bosnian Serbs -
supported by neighboring Serbia - responded with armed resistance
aimed at partitioning the republic along ethnic lines and joining
Serb-held areas to form a "greater Serbia." In March 1994, Bosnia's
Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three
to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak/Croat
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 November 1995, in Dayton,
Ohio, the warring parties signed a peace agreement that brought to a
halt the three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement
was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995). The Dayton Agreement divides
Bosnia and Herzegovina roughly equally between the Federation of
Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb Republika Srpska. In
1995-96, a NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000
troops served in Bosnia to implement and monitor the military aspects
of the agreement. IFOR was succeeded by a smaller, NATO-led
Stabilization Force (SFOR) whose mission is to deter renewed
hostilities. SFOR remains in place, with troop levels to be reduced to
about 19,000 by spring 2000.
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