Belize Geography: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Belize Geography

Belize Geography: A summary of information about Belize Geography, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Belize: Geography

Location
Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between
Guatemala and Mexico
Geographic coordinates
17 15 N, 88 45 W
Map references
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
total: 22,960 sq km
land: 22,800 sq km
water: 160 sq km
Area - comparative
slightly smaller than Massachusetts
Land boundaries
total: 516 km
border countries: Guatemala 266 km, Mexico 250 km
Coastline
386 km
Maritime claims
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm in the north, 3 nm in the south; note - from
the mouth of the Sarstoon River to Ranguana Cay, Belize's territorial
sea is 3 nm; according to Belize's Maritime Areas Act, 1992, the
purpose of this limitation is to provide a framework for the
negotiation of a definitive agreement on territorial differences with
Guatemala
Climate
tropical; very hot and humid; rainy season (May to February)
Terrain
flat, swampy coastal plain; low mountains in south
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Victoria Peak 1,160 m
Natural resources
arable land potential, timber, fish, hydropower
Land use
arable land: 2%
permanent crops: 1%
permanent pastures: 2%
forests and woodland: 92%
other: 3% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land
20 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards
frequent, devastating hurricanes (September to
December) and coastal flooding (especially in south)
Environment - current issues
deforestation; water pollution from
sewage, industrial effluents, agricultural runoff; solid waste
disposal
Environment - international agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered
Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection,
Marine Dumping, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
only country in Central America without a coastline
on the North Pacific Ocean
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