Belgium Geography: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Belgium Geography

Belgium Geography: A summary of information about Belgium Geography, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Belgium: Geography

Location
Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between France and
the Netherlands
Geographic coordinates
50 50 N, 4 00 E
Map references
Europe
Area
total: 30,510 sq km
land: 30,230 sq km
water: 280 sq km
Area - comparative
about the size of Maryland
Land boundaries
total: 1,385 km
border countries: France 620 km, Germany 167 km, Luxembourg 148 km,
Netherlands 450 km
Coastline
66 km
Maritime claims
continental shelf: median line with neighbors
exclusive fishing zone: median line with neighbors (extends about 68
km from coast)
territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate
temperate; mild winters, cool summers; rainy, humid, cloudy
Terrain
flat coastal plains in northwest, central rolling hills,
rugged mountains of Ardennes Forest in southeast
Elevation extremes
lowest point: North Sea 0 m
highest point: Signal de Botrange 694 m
Natural resources
coal, natural gas
Land use
arable land: 24%
permanent crops: 1%
permanent pastures: 20%
forests and woodland: 21%
other: 34%
Irrigated land
NA sq km
Natural hazards
flooding is a threat in areas of reclaimed coastal
land, protected from the sea by concrete dikes
Environment - current issues
the environment is exposed to intense
pressures from human activities: urbanization, dense transportation
network, industry, intense animal breeding and crop cultivation; air
and water pollution also have repercussions for neighboring countries;
uncertainties regarding federal and regional responsibilities (now
resolved) have impeded progress in tackling environmental challenges
Environment - international agreements
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85,
Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity,
Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental
Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine
Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air
Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air
Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Geography - note
crossroads of Western Europe; majority of West
European capitals within 1,000 km of Brussels which is the seat of
both the EU and NATO
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