Bangladesh Geography: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Bangladesh Geography

Bangladesh Geography: A summary of information about Bangladesh Geography, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Bangladesh: Geography

Location
Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma
and India
Geographic coordinates
24 00 N, 90 00 E
Map references
Asia
Area
total: 144,000 sq km
land: 133,910 sq km
water: 10,090 sq km
Area - comparative
slightly smaller than Wisconsin
Land boundaries
total: 4,246 km
border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km
Coastline
580 km
Maritime claims
contiguous zone: 18 nm
continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate
tropical; cool, dry winter (October to March); hot, humid
summer (March to June); cool, rainy monsoon (June to October)
Terrain
mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Keokradong 1,230 m
Natural resources
natural gas, arable land, timber
Land use
arable land: 73%
permanent crops: 2%
permanent pastures: 5%
forests and woodland: 15%
other: 5% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land
31,000 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards
droughts, cyclones; much of the country routinely
flooded during the summer monsoon season
Environment - current issues
many people are landless and forced to
live on and cultivate flood-prone land; limited access to potable
water; water-borne diseases prevalent; water pollution especially of
fishing areas results from the use of commercial pesticides;
intermittent water shortages because of falling water tables in the
northern and central parts of the country; soil degradation;
deforestation; severe overpopulation
Environment - international agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered
Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test
Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
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