Azerbaijan Geography: from the All Country Info reference guide to country facts

Azerbaijan Geography

Azerbaijan Geography: A summary of information about Azerbaijan Geography, from government research data as well as independent research and other sources.

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Azerbaijan: Geography

Location
Southwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran
and Russia
Geographic coordinates
40 30 N, 47 30 E
Map references
Commonwealth of Independent States
Area
total: 86,600 sq km
land: 86,100 sq km
water: 500 sq km
note: includes the exclave of Naxcivan Autonomous Republic and the
Nagorno-Karabakh region; the region's autonomy was abolished by
Azerbaijani Supreme Soviet on 26 November 1991
Area - comparative
slightly smaller than Maine
Land boundaries
total: 2,013 km
border countries: Armenia (with Azerbaijan-proper) 566 km, Armenia
(with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave) 221 km, Georgia 322 km, Iran (with
Azerbaijan-proper) 432 km, Iran (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave) 179
km, Russia 284 km, Turkey 9 km
Coastline
0 km (landlocked)
note: Azerbaijan borders the Caspian Sea (800 km, est.)
Maritime claims
none (landlocked)
Climate
dry, semiarid steppe
Terrain
large, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-Araks Lowland) (much of it
below sea level) with Great Caucasus Mountains to the north, Qarabag
Yaylasi (Karabakh Upland) in west; Baku lies on Abseron Yasaqligi
(Apsheron Peninsula) that juts into Caspian Sea
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m
highest point: Bazarduzu Dagi 4,485 m
Natural resources
petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous
metals, alumina
Land use
arable land: 18%
permanent crops: 5%
permanent pastures: 25%
forests and woodland: 11%
other: 41% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land
10,000 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards
droughts; some lowland areas threatened by rising
levels of the Caspian Sea
Environment - current issues
local scientists consider the Abseron
Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) (including Baku and Sumqayit) and the
Caspian Sea to be the ecologically most devastated area in the world
because of severe air, water, and soil pollution; soil pollution
results from the use of DDT as a pesticide and also from toxic
defoliants used in the production of cotton
Environment - international agreements
party to: Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Marine
Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity
Geography - note
landlocked
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